ProZ.com frequently asked questions


Terminology/term help

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  • 1 - Terminology/term help


  • 2 - KudoZ


    You may also be interested in:

  • a brief introduction to KudoZ

  • your KudoZ dashboard-- managing your notifications for KudoZ

  • how KudoZ PRO points can boost your directory ranking

  • the new Glossary-building KudoZ (GBK)



  • 2.1 - KudoZ: general

  • 1.1 - KudoZ가 무엇인가요?

    KudoZ는 용어에 관한 도움을 주고받는 네트웍입니다. KudoZ를 통해 ProZ.com 사용자들은 어려운 용어 번역에 대해 서로 도움을 요청하거나 답변을 제공합니다. KudoZ에 대해 더 알고 싶으면 저희의 플래시 버전 안내를 살펴보십시오.


  • 1.2 - Glossary of KudoZ terms


    Question: The request for help posted by the asker, including at least a language pair, a field of expertise, a term and context information.

    Action buttons: Buttons located below the question that offer users access to several areas described below. The buttons are:




    Answer: Reply in the target language to the asked term, including at least the translation of the term, an explanation and the answerer's confidence level.

    Reference comment: This area is accessed with the "Post reference" button and should be used to provide information which is not in itself an answer, but which may be helpful to either the asker or other answerers. The information submitted in this way will not be subject to consideration as "best" or "most helpful", and points will not be received.

    Discussion area: This area is accessed with the "Post discussion" button and should be used for requests and additional exchanges of context information and for linguistic discussions on the question. This area should not be used to comment on answers (see rule 3.4 ) or on participants see rule 3.7). In GBK it also allows participation of users who do not meet the criteria to answer.

    Grading: The process by which the asker reviews the suggestions and awards points to the answerer who provided the translation deemed by the asker to be the most useful.

    Peer comment: A comment made by a site user concerning his agreement or disagreement with a translation suggested by a peer. Peer comments must be based on linguistic considerations and said considerations must be provided in case of disagree or neutral comments. This is the only valid way to comment on a KudoZ answer.

    Asker: A person in need of translation assistance who posts a term or phrase, providing context and the desired target language.

    Answerer: A site user who provides an answer to a KudoZ question.

    Reference poster: A site user who provides a reference comment.

    KudoZ editors: Non-moderator site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions.



  • 1.3 - 어떻게 운용되는가?

    KudoZ의 처리는 다음 3단계로 진행됩니다.
    (1)번역에 대해 도움이 필요한 사람이 용어나 구문을 게시합니다. 이때 그 배경 및 대상 언어를 함께 제공합니다.
    (2)사이트의 사용자가 그에 대한 설명 및 참고 자료등을 곁들여 번역을 제시합니다.
    (3)질문자는 제시된 답변들을 검토한 후, 가장 유용하고 정확하다고 여겨지는 답변을 제시한 사이트 시용자에게 1포인트에서 4포인트까지의 포인트를 줍니다.


  • 1.4 - KudoZ 포인트의 잇점은 무엇입니까?

    어떤 고객들은 KudoZ 포인트를 더 나은 번역가로 인정하는 기준으로 삼습니다. 그 이론적 근거는 이렇습니다.만일 의약에 관한 이해가 충분한 번역가가 필요하다면 의학 분야의 질문에서 300 포인트를 사람은 관심을 두고 살펴볼 만한 좋은 후보가 될 것입니다.


  • 1.5 - KudoZ 점수는 어떻게 업데이트되나요?

    사이트 전체에 걸쳐 일부 위치에서 보여지는 총 KudoZ 점수는 하루에 한 번 업데이트됩니다. 반면 다른 위치에 표시되는 KudoZ 점수의 경우 실시간으로 업데이트됩니다. 따라서 일시적인 불일치가 발생할 수 있으나, 하루에 한 번 모든 점수가 합산되면 불일치는 수정됩니다.

    회원은 시스템을 통해 점수를 실시간으로 업데이트할 수 있습니다. KudoZ 점수 요약 페이지로 이동하여 "지금 총 점수 업데이트하기"를 클릭합니다.


  • 1.6 - Do I earn any KudoZ points by answering KudoZ questions?

    No. KudoZ points are only earned if one of your answer to any KudoZ question is selected by the asker or automatically by the system based on peer agreement.


  • 1.7 - KudoZ에 참여하는 데 대한 규정들은 무엇입니까?

    다음의 링크에서 KudoZ 규정들을 살펴보십시오.
    일반 규정
    질문에 대한 규정 그리고
    답변 맟 동료 코멘트에 관한 규정


  • 1.8 - Can friends, family members or close associates participate in my KudoZ questions or answers?

    Participation in KudoZ questions, particularly using the peer comment system to "boost" an answer, or in asking and answering to gain KudoZ points, should not be carried out among the profiles of friends, family or close associates, in order to maintain a certain level of transparency in the KudoZ arena. In cases where interacting profiles are shown to be of this type, a mutual block may be applied to the profiles (this blocks the interaction between specific profiles only, not participation in KudoZ at large) to ensure fairness.

    See also general site rule 2 for more on why this policy may be enforced.

    Access to networking features, which potentially affect other members, may be modified or revoked at the discretion of the ProZ.com team. In particular, KudoZ interaction between profiles may be blocked at the discretion of site staff at any time as a safeguard to preserve the positive, results-oriented atmosphere of KudoZ.


  • 1.9 - 답변: KudoZ 규정이 위반되는 경우에는 어떻게 해야 합니까?

    KudoZ 규정이 위반될 경우에는 이 사실을 해당 언어쌍의 중재자에게 알려야 합니다. 중재자 목록은 www.proz.com/mod/list 에서 찾아보실 수 있습니다.

    KudoZ 규정 위반과 관련하여 중재자와 연락할 때는 반드시 그 특정 질문에 대한 링크등을 포함, 모든 관련 정보를 포함시키도록 하십시오.


  • 1.10 - KudoZ 카테고리는 어떤 기준으로 형성되었나요?

    KudoZ 질문은 약 100개의 항목이 있는 분야 목록을 사용해 범주화됩니다. 이 목록은 ProZ.com 사용자들이 자유롭게 텍스트로 입력한 관련 분야에서 통계적으로 생성되었으며, 의도적으로 다소 모호한 상태를 유지합니다. 예를 들면, 어떤 회원이 "auto"라고 생각하는 반면 다른 회원은 "car"라고 생각할 수 있으므로 두 카테고리 이름을 모두 목록에서 사용할 수 있습니다.

    이와 같이 분야 목록에서 별도로 나타나는 "이중" 카테고리라도 데이터베이스에는 동일한 방식으로 입력됩니다. 따라서 어떤 것을 선택해도 괜찮으며, 해당 용어에 맞는 첫 번째 카테고리를 고르면 됩니다.

    팁: 대부분의 브라우저에서는 목록을 선택하면 원하는 카테고리에 해당하는 글자를 입력하여 손쉽게 카테고리에 도달할 수 있습니다("cars"의 경우 "c" 입력).


  • 1.11 - 질문에 등급이 매겨지지 않으면 어떻게 됩니까?

    질문이 접수되고 사흘동안 마감되지 않으면 질문자에게 등급을 그 사실을 상기시키는 이메일이 보내집니다. 그러한 메일이 4차례 보내진 다음에도 (2주 이상) 질문이 계속해서 마감되지 않은 상태로 남아 있으면, 최선의 답변을 자동 선정하려는 시도를 하게 됩니다. '자동 선정 로봇'이 다음의 규정에 따라 각 답변이 받은 '동료 찬성'의 수를 기준으로 최선의 답변을 선정합니다.
    - 선정 대상이 되기 위해서는 그 답변은 동료들로부터 최소한 2개의 순찬성(찬성-불찬성) 표를 얻어야 합니다.
    - 순찬성의 수가 가장 많은 답변이 선정됩니다. 순찬성의 수가 같은 두개일 경우, 먼저 올려진 답변이 선정됩니다. 이는 두 개의 답변이 같은 찬성표를 얻었다면 더 짧은 시간 내에 올려진 답변이 더 나은 것이라는 생각에 근거한 것입니다.

    최소한 두개의 순찬성 표를 얻은 답변이 없을 경우, 그 질문은 마감이 안된 상태로 남아있게 됩니다.


  • 1.12 - Are askers able to close a question without awarding points?

    Yes. An asker may choose to do this when s/he has asked a question in error (misspelled term, etc.), when no answer was deemed helpful, when a better term was found elsewhere (and no answer was deemed helpful), or in other cases.


  • 1.13 - How often do askers close questions without awarding points?

    Less than 5% of the time.


  • 1.14 - 제 이전 질문 및 답변 목록을 어디서 찾을 수 있나요?

    프로필 페이지로 이동하여 KudoZ 탭을 클릭하세요. 또한 회원의 경우 이곳에서 KudoZ 점수 업데이트 수행 옵션을 볼 수 있습니다.


  • 1.15 - Can I see questions in language pairs not reported in my profile?

    Yes. You can see KudoZ questions in all language pairs by clicking on See more languages in the KudoZ questions page.


  • 1.16 - KudoZ 질문이 삭제되는 조건은 무엇인가요?

    KudoZ 질문이 삭제될 수 있는 약 10가지의 이유가 있습니다. 삭제 이유에 관한 논의는 이 문서를 확인하세요.


  • 1.17 - What information can I see about a KudoZ asker?

    If you move your mouse over the asker's picture in a KudoZ question you will see a mouse-over message similar to the one pictured below:



    The following definitions apply:

    * Questions: the amount of questions posted by the asker.

    * Open: questions that remain open and have at least an answer not hidden and not declined by the asker.

    * Without valid answers: questions that remain open and that received no answers, or that received answers that were hidden, or declined by the asker.

    * Closed without grading: questions that were closed without grading by the asker after having received at least one answer not hidden.

    Squashed questions are not included in these statistics. If you want to get more information on the asker, a click on the asker's link will take you to the asker's profile.


  • 1.18 - "프로 투표' 나 "비프로 투표"란 무엇입니까?

    참가자들은 프로 질문으로 표시된 "도움 요청" KudoZ 질문이 비프로 질문으로 표시되도록 투표할 수 있으며, 그 반대도 가능합니다.

    비프로 질문은 2개 언어를 사용하는 사람이 사전의 도움 없이 답변할 수 있는 질문인 반면, 프로 질문은 전문 번역가에게 적합한 질문입니다. "용어집 구축" KudoZ 질문은 항상 프로 질문이며 비프로 질문으로 변경하도록 투표할 수 없습니다.

    질문을 프로 또는 비프로 질문으로 처음 재분류하려면 3표가 필요합니다. 그 이후에는 변경을 원하는 표가 그 반대보다 더 많아질 경우 즉시 상태가 전환됩니다.

    예를 들면, 비프로 질문으로 게시된 질문은 프로 질문으로 전환되려면 3표가 필요합니다(투표 점수 3-0). 이때 버튼은 "비프로 투표"로 변경되며 이를 비프로 질문으로 바꾸려면 4표가 필요합니다(투표 점수 4-3). 이후에는 다시 질문 상태를 변경하려면 2표가 필요합니다(투표 점수 5-4, 6-5 등).

    KudoZ 프로 점수가 20점 미만일 경우 이 옵션이 보이지 않습니다.


  • 1.19 - When posting my question I selected by mistake the wrong level (PRO, non-PRO). What can I do?

    You should submit a support request to have this issue addressed by staff.


  • 1.20 - 오늘 합계 점수가 더 올라야 했던 것 같습니다.

    회원일 경우 시스템을 통해 실시간으로 점수를 업데이트할 수 있습니다. KudoZ 점수 요약 페이지로 이동하여 "지금 총 점수 업데이트하기"를 클릭합니다. 등록 사용자의 경우 총 점수의 불일치 사항은 24시간 안에 수정됩니다.

    특정 질문에 대한 점수 획득 여부를 확인하려면 프로필의 KudoZ 답변 내역을 참고하세요.


  • 1.21 - 내 KudoZ 점수 총점 중 일부가 줄어들었습니다. 어떻게 이런 일이 가능한가요?

    일부 점수 총점(전체, 프로, 분야별, 기간별)이 줄어들 수 있습니다. 이는 다음과 같은 요소 때문일 수 있습니다.

    - 점수를 획득한 질문이 삭제되거나 등급 매김이 취소됨
    - 점수를 획득한 프로 질문이 비프로 질문으로 재분류됨(이를 통해 프로 점수 총점이 감소하고 비프로 점수 총점이 증가함)
    - 점수를 획득한 질문이 다른 전문 분야로 재분류됨(하나의 분야에서 점수 총점이 증가하고 다른 분야에서 감소함)
    - 시간이 경과함(지난 3개월간의 총 점수가 감소할 가능성이 있음)

    어제 포인트를 획득한 8개의 답변에 대해 특별히 궁금한 점이 있을 경우 프로필의 답변 내역을 확인하십시오. 각 답변으로 획득한 점수가 나타나야 합니다.


  • 1.22 - 프로필 페이지의 내 KudoZ 점수 요약에 나타나는 내용을 변경하는 방법은 무엇인가요?

    사용자는 이 페이지(http://www.proz.com/pro/?show_mode=kudoz&sub_mode=summary)의 요약에서 특정 유형의 KudoZ 점수를 숨기도록 선택할 수 있습니다.


  • 1.23 - What do the "ok" and "no" under the the "Gloss" (glossary) column in my KudoZ activity section indicate?



    The "ok" indicates that a glossary entry derived from the KudoZ question has been entered into the glossary.

    On the other hand, the "no" indicates that no glossary entry has been entered.


  • 1.24 - 새로운 프로필을 생성해야 합니다. 이전 프로필에서 점수를 합산할 수 있나요?

    예. 회원일 경우 지원팀이 해당 조치를 취해 드릴 것입니다. 점수뿐만 아니라 전체 KudoZ 내역(질문, 동료 코멘트, 메모 등)이 병합될 것임을 유념해 주십시오. 이전 프로필에는 더 이상 액세스할 수 없게 됩니다.

    프로필을 병합하려면 특정 프로필*을* 다른 특정 프로필*로* 병합할 것을 지원 팀에 요청하는 지원 요청을 제출하십시오. 가능한 경우 프로필을 번호로 식별해 주십시오(번호를 모를 경우 사용자 이름을 사용할 수 있습니다.)

    지원 요청 내에 해당 작업을 되돌릴 수 없으며 내역이 삭제된 프로필에는 더 이상 액세스할 수 없다는 사실을 이해하고 있음을 작성해 주십시오.

    이 옵션은 회원만 이용할 수 있습니다.


  • 1.25 - ProZ.com 용어 검색에서 발음 구별 기호나 악센트 표시된 글자가 변경되지 않도록 하는 방법은 무엇인가요?

    ProZ.com 용어 검색이 발음 구별 기호 또는 악센트 표시된 글자를 제대로 옮기지 못하는 경우가 있습니다(예를 들면, "publica"라는 용어를 검색했을 경우 "pública"가 포함된 결과가 함께 나올 수 있습니다). 이 기능을 비활성화하려면 "정확히 일치하는 구문 매치" 옵션을 선택하십시오.


  • 1.26 - How can I enter a discussion entry?

    To enter a discussion entry you should click on the "Post discussion" button. A form will show to allow you to post a title and the body of your entry. These fields are limited to 50 and 1200 characters respectively (there is a counter to tell you how many characters you have left for the main field). There is a preview option and buttons for submitting the entry and for canceling the operation.



    Once your discussion entry has been entered, you will be able to edit it during the first 24 hours, or to delete it any time, by clicking on the icons displayed on the top right corner of the entry.


  • 1.27 - KudoZ에 참여하는 데 지불을 요구하면 어떨까요? 이를 통해 품질을 향상시킬 수 있을 것입니다.

    현재 KudoZ 사용을 회원에게만 제한하거나 KudoZ 참여에 추가적인 지불을 요구할 계획은 없습니다. 그러나, 회원의 질문만 볼 수 있도록 보기 및 알림을 설정하는 방법 등으로 해당 옵션을 사용할 수 있습니다. 또한, 질문할 때 설정을 통해 답변자를 회원에 한하도록 지정하는 것도 가능합니다.


  • 1.28 - Are KudoZ questions indexed by search engines?

    Yes. As with the public forums, KudoZ questions are indexed by search engines.

    Keep in mind that this can (and should) work in your favor. A series of excellent KudoZ answers, or of helpful, professional forum posts, boost your web visibility to potential clients, and may also give them a further means of evaluating you as a translator and as a professional.


  • 1.29 - What do the time references next to the confidence level and in the peer section indicate?

    They indicate the time elapsed from the moment the question was asked until the other action "answer", "peer comment" took place. The times shown are measured in relation to moment the question was asked.


  • 1.30 - Can the asker enter in the glossary a term different from the one suggested in the selected question?

    Yes. Points are (or should be) given to the most helpful answer, while the best possible term should be entered in the glossary, even if it was not suggested by the answerer who won the points.

    Imagine for instance that you ask for a difficult technical term and get several similar alternatives, but one of the answers provided a very clear explanation that helped you understand the meaning of the term and its usage. Then you could pick another of the alternatives, and still consider this the most helpful answer.

    It is also possible for askers to find the best term on their own and enter a term that was suggested in none of the answers provided, but still select a most helpful answer.


  • 1.31 - A user in my sub-community regularly posts bad answers and they are sometimes selected and I am concerned that the glossary will deteriorate. Many valuable colleagues are of the same opinion and several of them have abandoned KudoZ. What can be done?

    The system includes the "disagree" feature. If answers considered invalid receive several disagrees based on linguistic (not personal) comments, then the amount of "bad" answers is likely to be reduced.


  • 1.32 - I was the first to provide the right answer to a KudoZ question and then other user provided the same answer adding few more explanations and received the points (instead of agreeing to my answer). Is this allowed?

    Askers have the right to select the answers they consider most helpful to their questions.
    There is nothing wrong in taking the time to provide the best possible answer, including references and explanations, even if a term has been already suggested. Limiting this right would turn KudoZ into a race to post a term with little or no explanations, and it would discourage better researched and more complete answers.


  • 1.33 - How does the first validated answer mode work?

    Askers have the option of asking questions in "first validated answer" (FVA) mode. When the FVA option is selected, instead of multiple answers being submitted and the asker selecting the one that is most helpful, the goal is for one correct translation to be agreed upon by the answerer community. An FVA question is therefore considered closed as soon as one answer gets two net agrees (in top pairs, two net agrees must come from users who meet the criteria for the question).

    The effect for askers is that they can ask a question, and some time later be sent an answer that has been validated. It is considered that this option to "leave the decision to the pros" may appeal to some askers, particularly those who do not speak the target language. Various other possibilities may also be presented by this new approach.

    Note that FVA questions are always not-for-points, and that they are targeted at those who work in the language pair, have expressed at least an interest in the selected field, and are native in the target language when the question is in a top pair. (However, others are not prevented from answering.)



  • Main - Top


  • 2.2 - Asking

  • 2.1 - http://www.proz.com/siterules/kudoz_general/1.1#1.1에 규정된 "용어 도움"은 어떻게 구성되나요?

    KudoZ 질문을 사용해 용어 또는 관용적인 표현에 관한 도움을 요청할 수 있습니다.

    하나의 단어 그룹(최대 약 10단어)은 분리할 수 없는 단위로 구성되어 있을 때만 하나의 질문 안에 게시할 수 있습니다. 예를 들면 'a jack of all trades and master of none'과 같은 관용적인 표현은 몇 단어 길이이며 일부를 생략할 경우 올바른 질문을 표현하지 못할 수 있으므로 해당 예시에 포함됩니다.

    질문자는 또한 문장의 의미, 단어 순서, 문법적인 문제 또는 두 용어 간의 차이를 이해하기 위해 도움을 요청할 수도 있습니다. 하지만 이는 해당 1개 언어쌍에서만 가능합니다. 1개 언어 KudoZ 질문은 원어 및 번역어 모두에서 같은 언어를 선택하여 질문할 수 있습니다.


  • 2.2 - What is the meaning of "one term is allowed per question" in KudoZ rule 2.1?

    Unless they share a root or are otherwise related, terms should be posted separately--an asker should not ask how to say "apple" and "banana" in the same question. This means that a question such as "flotsam/jetsam/derelict" in a context of maritime law would be not valid, since the terms are independent and should posted in three separate questions. On the other hand, "the flotsam and jetsam of the inner city" would be OK, as the terms flotsam and jetsam are related in a unit of meaning. Other examples of valid KudoZ questions are: "screen / screening" (they share a root), "Many levels in this game were heavily tuned for smoothness" (terms related as a unit of meaning in a particular context).


  • 2.3 - 질문: 제가 올릴 수 있는 질문의 수에 한도가 있는지요?

    그렇습니다. 하루 (24 시간 기준) 허용치는 당신의 회원권 등급에 달려 있습니다. ProZ.com 등록 회원이 아닌 경우, 하루에 1개의 질문을 할 수 있습니다. 등록은 했으나 회원이 아닌 경우 5개를 질문할 수 있습니다. 회원은 15개의 질문을 할 수 있습니다. 주간 한도도 있는데, 등록 비회원은 1주일에 20개까지, 회원은 1주일에 60개까지 질문을 할 수 있습니다.
    만일 당신이 정당한 답변을 받았는데도 1주일 이상 마감하지 않고 있는 질문이 10개 있으면, 더 이상의 질문이 허용되지 않습니다. 계속 질문을 하려면 이들 질문에 대해 등급을 매기고 마감하십시오.


  • 2.4 - What happens if I ask questions beyond the daily or weekly limits?

    When you ask questions beyond the limits corresponding to your membership status, these extra questions are added to the KudoZ question queue and they will be made visible automatically when enough time has elapsed for the question to be within asking limits.

    When this happens you will see a message like this one:



    When you click to see your queue, you will see a table like this one:



    Members have higher limits and can request limit waivers via the support system.


  • 2.5 - 질문:프로젝트를 끝마칠 때까지 용에에 대한 질문들을 비축해두고 싶습니다. 질문 수 제한을 피할 방법은 없습니까?

    하루 15개의 질문 한도는 대부분의 사람들에게 충분하다고 믿습니다. 한 예로, 질문을 프로젝트의 마지막 이틀동안 내어 놓음으로써 당신은 30개의 질문을 할 수 있습니다. 만일 더 많은 질문이 필요하고 회원이라면, 지원팀에게 한도를 임시적으로 면제해 줄 것을 요청할 수 있습니다.


  • 2.6 - Can I post a question in more than one language pair?

    It is not possible to post a single question in different language pairs. However, several questions in different language pairs may be posted for a single term.


  • 2.7 - 1개 언어 KudoZ 질문을 할 수 있나요?

    예, 그러나 KudoZ 영역에 특정한 섹션이 마련되어 있지는 않습니다. 1개 언어 질문(예: 영어에서 영어로 질문)을 게시하고 싶다면 KudoZ 탭의 '질문하기'로 이동하십시오. 그런 다음 양식에서 '더 많은 언어 보기'를 클릭하십시오. 원하는 언어를 두 번 선택할 수 있는 2개의 목록이 나타납니다. 그렇게 하면 1개 언어 질문을 게시할 수 있습니다.


  • 2.8 - 질문이 비프로와 프로 중 어느 것으로 분류되어야 할지 모르겠습니다. 어떤 차이가 있습니까?

    뚜렷한 선을 그을 수는 없지만, 두 가지 질문 유형을 구분하는 데에는 다음과 같은 정의가 사용됩니다.

    프로 질문은 전문 번역가에게 적합한 질문입니다.

    비프로 질문은 2개 언어를 사용하는 사람이 사전의 도움 없이 답변할 수 있는 질문입니다.


    위의 정의를 적용할 때는 자신의 배경/전문 분야로부터 한 걸음 떨어져서, 임의로 선택된 이론상의 2개 언어 사용자를 상상해 보십시오. 이 2개 언어 사용자가 질문(및 질문에 나타난 특정한 맥락) 내의 해당 용어 또는 구문을 즉석에서 잘 번역할 가능성이 높습니까? 그렇지 않을 경우 해당 질문은 프로 질문입니다.

    이 주제를 더 자세히 토의하는 문서가 있습니다.


  • 2.9 - What should I do if I don't have context to include in my KudoZ question?

    There is always some context to provide, such as information about the type of customer (an oil company? a plumber? a dentist? ), the type of document you are translating, the subject, etc.

    Even in the extreme case of posting an item in a list there is hope. Imagine a question posted as:


    Question: quolly
    Fields: Law/Patents - Other
    Context: It's in a list - (sorry but) no context available.


    Now with a deeper understanding of what context is and what purpose it serves, some questions may elicit useful information and, quite possibly, lead to a valid answer.

    For example:

    - What does the patent describe? And if it's a revolutionary ion engine for spacecraft, change the fields to Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design.

    - What is the purpose of the list? There's a big difference of context between a list of engine parts and a list of tools used to assemble an engine.

    - What are the adjacent items in the list? Very often lists contain related terms, and to an expert the meaning of the obscure term may well be clear when seen along with the other items.

    - What is the country of origin of the text, and/or of its author? Words are often misused by non-native speakers.

    - Does the overall quality of the source text suggest the problem term is 'just another typo or scanno' in a text riddled with rubbish or is it, on the contrary, a real term that's probably being used correctly.

    Armed with that meaningful context we have a new question, such as:


    Question: quolly
    Fields: Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design
    Context: It's in a list of tools used in the assembly of spacecraft engines, mentioned in the patent for a revolutionary ion engine.
    The rest of the text seems to be well-written by a native English-speaker (from a well-known manufacturing company in the UK), so I don't think it's an error in the source text.


    Of course, this doesn't guarantee there will be a valid answer, but at least that will not be for "no context".


  • 2.10 - 질문: 제 질문에 대한 정보를 더 추가할 수 있는지요? 질문을 수정할 수 있습니까?

    질문을 수정할 수는 없습니다. 그렇지만 주석을 첨가할 수는 있습니다. 질문 페이지에 그 서식이 있습니다. (당신의 언제 그 질문을 올렸는지 기억이 나지 않으면 확인 이메일을 체크해 보십시오. 거기에 그 질문으로 통하는 링크가 있습니다)


  • 2.11 - Can KudoZ askers direct their questions to specific site users?

    Yes. When posting a KudoZ question, askers are given the option to restrict their KudoZ questions by 1) profile information (native language, language pair and field) and 2) membership status. If the asker selects the option "Only ProZ.com members may answer" when posting his/her question, the "Answer" button will not be visible to non-members and the following message will show to them:

    The asker has directed this question specifically to ProZ.com users who:
    ... are ProZ.com members (You do not appear to be) Join ProZ.com >


    If the asker specifies a restriction connected with native language, level of expertise in the specified language pair or level of expertise in the field, those that do not meet these criteria will be informed of this, but still invited to post an answer:

    The asker has directed this question specifically to ProZ.com users who:
    ... have expressed interest in this pair (You have)
    ... report a "specialty" level of expertise in the subject field (You have not) [Edit]
    ... are native speakers of Tonga (Nya) or Nzima (You have not reported that you are) [Edit]
    Although you do not meet the criteria, you may suggest a translation if you like


  • 2.12 - 질문:제 질문을 제가 아는 어떤 사람들에게만 보낼 수 있는지요?

    당신이 회비를 납부하는 ProZ.com 회원이라면 그렇게 할 수 있습니다.


  • 2.13 - 질문: 왜 질문을 특정 사람들에게만 보내게 됩니까?

    많은 KudoZ 답변들은 ProZ.com의 어느 회원이 어느 분야에 전문인지 알게 해주었습니다. 주어진 기간에, 그들은 이들 전문가들과 직접적으로 의견을 물을 것을 택합니다. KudoZ 를 통해 이렇게 함으로써, 질문과 답변 과정이 보다 획일적이고 편리해질 수 있고, 제공된 번역이 찾을 수 있는 기록으로 유지된다는 점을 확실하게 해줍니다 .


  • 2.14 - 질문: 특정 부류의 회원들만 질문을 볼 수 있도록 제한하는 이유는 무엇입니까?

    때때로 질문자들은 어느 특정 그룹, 예를 들면 원어민이라든가 그 분야에서 일하는 사람 또는 그밖의 선정된 부류의 ProZ.com 회원들, 로부터의 의견을 원합니다. 이처럼 그룹을 한정할 수 있는 기능이 제공되고 있습니다.


  • 2.15 - 비공개 질문을 할 경우(예: 해당 질문을 나의 팀 멤버 중 하나로 제한할 경우) 다른 사람이 볼 수 있나요? 해당 질문을 자료실에서 검색할 수 있나요?

    회원의 경우 용어를 무기한으로 비공개로 유지할 수 있습니다. 등록 사용자의 경우 용어를 한 달 동안 비공개로 유지할 수 있으며, 한 달이 지난 후에는 공개적으로 게시되고 검색 가능한 상태가 됩니다.

    중요 사항: 은행 거래와 같은 보안 사항은 비공개 질문이라도 KudoZ에서 다룰 수 없습니다. 민감한 용어는 비공개 옵션을 사용해도 KudoZ에 게시할 수 없습니다.


  • 2.16 - I see a "squash" button under a KudoZ question I have posted, what does that mean?

    If you have posted a KudoZ term help question and it has not received an answer, you will have the option to "squash" or remove the question until it receives at least one answer. This allows users to remove mistakenly-posted questions without the assistance of a moderator or KudoZ editor.


  • 2.17 - 질문: 거부하거나 등급 매김 없이 KudoZ 답변자들에게 감사를 전하는 방법은?

    그 사람의 이름을 클릭, 프로필 페이지를 통해 글을 쓸 수 있습니다. 이렇게 하면 이메일이 보내집니다.

    URL로 KudoZ 질문을 언급하실 수 있습니다.


  • 2.18 - 제 KudoZ 질문에 어떻게 등급을 매기나요?

    KudoZ 질문에 등급을 매기려면 가장 유용한 답변의 답변 상자 안에서 "이 답변을 가장 도움되는 것으로 선택" 링크를 클릭해야 합니다. "이 답변을 가장 도움되는 것으로 선택" 링크를 클릭하면 그다음 표시되는 팝업 창에서 KudoZ 점수를 부여하고 나의 용어집 또는 KudoZ 공개 용어집(KOG)에 해당 KudoZ 용어를 입력하거나 두 용어집에 모두 입력할 수 있습니다.


  • 2.19 - I did not enter the term to the KOG at the time I graded my question, but I would like to enter it now. How can I do that?

    Simply click on the "gloss" button below the "Summary of answers provided" chart.


  • 2.20 - Can I grade my question less than 24 hours after posting it?

    KudoZ rule 2.10 recommends that askers allow at least twenty-four (24) hours to pass before closing a question.

    To select the most helpful answer, the asker clicks on the link in the selected answer:




    If less than 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the following window will open:




    If the asker chooses to wait until 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the question will remain open and it will be graded normally by the asker.

    If, on the other hand, the asker chooses to select the most helpful answer at this time, a new window will open to allow them to enter their preferences:




    This window will allow the asker to select the most helpful answer, to assign points to it and to post a grading comment. The asker also has the option to select and edit a glossary entry associated with this answer.

    If the asker does not select a glossary entry, the following message will be displayed:




    If the asker makes a glossary entry, the message will include the following information:




    Once this form is submitted, the question will remain open and new answers and peer comments can be added. About 72 hours after this submission, the system will grade the question in accordance with the following criteria:

    a) If none of the answers has a net peer grading (agrees minus disagrees) of 2 or more, then the option selected by the asker will be used.

    b) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and one of the answers has a net peer grading higher than the others, then this answer will be selected.

    c) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and two or more answers share the same top peer grading, the answer posted last will be selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.

    If the answer selected by the asker was chosen due to lack of votes or because the community voted for it, the amount of points, grading comment and (if entered) glossary entry selected by the asker will be chosen. If the asker did not make a glossary entry, one will be created automatically using the asked term and the suggested term.

    If a different answer from the one selected by the asker was chosen by the community, 4 points will be assigned to this answer and a glossary entry will be created using the asked term and the suggested term.

    After grading, the question will show the following message:



  • 2.21 - KudoZ 이메일 확인 링크를 잃어버렸습니다. 이제 KudoZ 질문에 어떻게 등급을 매겨야 하나요?

    KudoZ 이메일 확인 링크를 잃어버린 경우, 온라인 티켓 시스템을 통해 지원 센터에 문의 및/또는 중재자에게 문의하여 이메일 주소로 링크를 재전송하도록 요청하면 하나 더 받을 수 있습니다. 이메일 확인을 한 번 더 요청할 때는 질문의 KudoZ URL을 보내야 한다는 것을 기억하십시오.

    KudoZ URL이 기억나지 않고 질문 제출 시 로그인 상태가 아니었을 경우, 온라인으로 지원 센터에 문의하여 질문의 등급을 매겨 달라고 요청해야 합니다.


  • 2.22 - 두 개 이상의 답변에 점수를 줄 수 있나요?

    아니요, "가장 유용한" 단 하나의 답변만 선택할 수 있습니다. 답변자들에게 점수를 나누어 지급하는 것은 이전에 논의되었습니다. 하지만 이를 통해 얻을 수 있는 이점이 거의 없으며, 점수를 관리하기 어렵고, 3명의 답변자에게 4점을 나누어 줄 때 발생하는 문제 등에 의해 무산되었습니다. 답변을 결정할 수 없는 경우 유용한 가이드라인은 가장 도움이 많이 된 답변을 선택하라는 것입니다. 두 개 이상의 답변이 같은 수준의 도움을 제공한 경우에는 첫 번째 답변을 선택할 수 있습니다(시간이 지나면서 답변자들이 균등한 상태에 도달합니다).


  • 2.23 - 최선의 답변을 선택하지 않고 질문을 마감했습니다. 질문을 다시 마감되지 않은 상태로 되돌릴 수 있나요?

    예, '마감 취소' 버튼을 누르십시오. 확실하지 않은 경우 지원 티켓을 제출하십시오.


  • 2.24 - 답변을 받지 못한 KudoZ 질문을 마감하는 방법은 무엇인가요?

    질문 페이지에서 '등급 매기기' 버튼을 클릭합니다. 이렇게 하여 다음 페이지로 이동한 후 '등급 매김 없이 마감' 버튼을 클릭해야 합니다. (출처: Mikhail Kropotov)


  • 2.25 - 질문에 등급을 매길 것을 상기시키는 이메일을 받지 않는 방법은 무엇인가요?

    질문자는 마감되지 않은 KudoZ 질문에 대해 적격한 답변을 선택하고 등급을 매길 것을 상기시키는 이메일을 질문이 게시된 시점부터 5일, 7일, 9일, 11일이 경과할 때마다 받게 됩니다.

    해당 이메일 알림을 받고 싶지 않은 경우 질문자는 다음과 같은 작업 중 하나를 수행해야 합니다.

    - 가장 도움이 되는 답변 선택하기
    - 답변을 선택하지 않고 질문 마감하기("마감" > "등급 매김 없이 마감" 버튼 클릭)
    - 현재 게시된 모든 답변을 거부하지만, 질문은 마감되지 않은 상태로 남겨 두어 향후 답변 수신하기 이렇게 하려면 답변 목록 상단에서 "[답변 가운데 적합한 것이 아무것도 없습니다; 그 중 하나를 고르라고 하지 마십시오.]"를 클릭합니다.


  • 2.26 - 답변이 선택되면 받을 수 있는 점수(1-4점)의 기준이 무엇인가요?

    획득 가능한 점수를 파악하려면 다음과 같은 범위를 가이드라인으로 참조하세요.

    4점: 답변이 만족스러웠고 설명이 충분했으며 레퍼런스가 제공됨(또는 필요하지 않음)
    3점: 답변이 만족스러웠고 설명이 충분했지만 레퍼런스가 부족함
    2점: 답변이 만족스러웠음
    1점: 답변이 어느 정도 도움이 되었음


  • 2.27 - Points were awarded to an answer to my question but I would like to select another answer instead. How can I un-grade my question?

    To un-grade a question you have asked in order to award the points to the answer you found most helpful, you will need to first obtain the agreement of the answerer to whom the points have been given. Both you and the answerer should express this agreement either to the assigned moderator(s), or via support request.


  • 2.28 - I have included confidential information in a question. Can I have it removed?

    If you posted a KudoZ question that contains confidential information, please submit a support request, specifying the exact information you would like to have remove so that staff can remove this information for you.



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  • 2.3 - Answering

  • 3.1 - 질문: KudoZ 질문을 볼 수가 없습니다. 어떻게 해야 됩니까?

    ProZ.com의 지원팀에게 URL과 그 페이지의 스크린샷을 보내 주십시오.


  • 3.2 - 회원 전용 질문을 검색하면 이상한 결과가 나옵니다.

    회원 전용 옵션(KudoZ 목록 페이지의 "질문자 유형" 아래에서 사용 가능)을 실행하면 *질문을 게시한 시점*에 회원이었던 사용자들이 게시한 질문만 볼 수 있습니다. 질문자의 멤버십 카테고리는 최근에만 기록되었으므로 결과의 수가 적습니다. 또한 멤버십에는 전체, 일부 등 다양한 형태가 있다는 사실, 일부 멤버십이 만료된다는 사실로 인해 검색 결과가 잘못되었다는 인상을 줄 수 있습니다.


  • 3.3 - 질문이 마감되고 점수가 지급된 경우에도 해당 질문에 답변할 수 있나요?

    점수가 지급되면 질문이 마감되지만, 마감된 질문에도 답변할 수 있습니다.
    이는 질문자가 이미 질문에 대한 최선의 답변을 찾았다고 결정한 경우에도 질문자에게 가능한 모든 도움을 제공하고자 하는 논리에 기반합니다.


  • 3.4 - KudoZ 질문에 제출한 답변을 수정할 수 있나요?

    아니요. 답변을 수정하는 것은 다른 답변자들에게 공정하지 않을 수 있습니다. 답변에 코멘트를 추가하는 방법을 고려해 보세요. 경우에 따라 잘못된 답변이 답변자에 의해 숨겨지고 올바른 답변이 해당 위치에 게시될 수 있습니다.


  • 3.5 - 질문: 답변 란에 "숨김"이라는 말이 나타나는 이유는 무었입니까?

    당신은 자신의 답변을 숨길 수 있습니다. 이는 답변을 철회하는 방법입니다.


  • 3.6 - 답변: '보이지 않음'으로 설정해 놓은 답변을 보이게 하려면?

    '보이지 않음'으로 설정해 놓은 답변을 다시 '보임'으로 바꿀 수는 없습니다. "답변을 숨김"링크는 답변을 영구적으로 숨기고 싶을 때만 이용하셨어야 합니다.


  • 3.7 - 제 답변을 숨김 처리하고 새 질문을 제출하면 사이트의 답변 관련 규정에 어긋나나요?

    둘 이상의 답변을 제출하는 것은 가끔 이루어질 경우 용인될 수 있습니다. 시스템상으로 여러 개의 답변을 제공하는 것은 이전 질문의 숨김 처리 여부에 관계없이 KudoZ 답변 관련 사이트 규정 위반입니다. KudoZ 답변 관련 사이트 규정을 확인해보세요.


  • 3.8 - Will my hidden answers be visible in my list of answers?

    You will always be able to see the answers you have hidden in your list of KudoZ answers. Other users will only see your hidden answers if you have hidden 10% or more of your total answers (but no less than 20 answers).

    Hidden answers will figure under the Answered tab in the KudoZ activity section of profiles, with the link to the question, but with "Answer hidden by answerer" instead of the source and target term.

    They will also be added to the total count of Questions answered (shown on the main page of profiles) and in the statistics found in the KudoZ activity section.


  • 3.9 - What is the meaning of "no more than one answer per question" in KudoZ rule 3.1?

    Submitting an answer to a KudoZ question and then submitting one or more additional answers to the same question is discouraged (even if the original answer was hidden) and doing this in a systematic way is forbidden by the rules. Answerers can add as many comments as they want to their answers. Offering several terms together in the same answer (ANSWER1/ANSWER2/ANSWER3) is not forbidden, but discouraged, as it interferes with the glossary format.


  • 3.10 - 질문이 "점수 미지급"으로 표시되어 있는 것은 어떤 의미인가요?

    일부 사용자는 KudoZ 점수 지급이 KudoZ 경험의 질을 떨어뜨린다고 생각하기도 합니다. 그러한 사용자의 경우 질문을 게시할 때 해당 질문을 "점수 미지급"으로 표시할 수 있습니다. 해당 질문에 답변하면 KudoZ 점수를 받을 수 없습니다.


  • 3.11 - "점수 미지급" 질문에 답변하면 내 프로필 페이지의 KudoZ 내역에 나타나나요?

    예. 해당 질문은 점수를 받지 않았음을 나타내는 색상으로 표시됩니다.


  • 3.12 - "점수 미지급" 질문에 답변하는 것이 KudoZ 리더보드 또는 ProZ.com 번역가 디렉토리에서 포지션을 향상시킬 수 있나요?

    아니요. "점수 미지급" 질문에 답변하는 것의 이점은 시스템과 관련이 없으며 간접적입니다(학습, 도움, 네트워킹 등).


  • 3.13 - What does Confidence level show?

    Confidence level is the degree of certainty expressed by an answerer regarding his or her own answer. This information is provided by an answerer in the Kudoz Answer form. Confidence level is a required field and an answerer is suggested to select one of the 5 (five) possible confidence levels:

    Highest - I am sure
    High
    Medium
    Low
    Lowest - I am guessing


  • 3.14 - I don't know the answer to a KudoZ question, but I have some information that could help the asker. Where should I post this information?

    If you cannot think of an appropriate answer to a KudoZ question, but you have information that may help the asker or other participants to come up with a good translation, make a reference post by clicking on "Post reference" and include such relevant information.

    Note: Reference posts cannot be selected as most helpful and so no points cannot be awarded to reference posters.


  • 3.15 - I do not see the "Post reference" button in a KudoZ question. Why?

    Once you posted a Kudoz answer, you will not be able to post a reference. It is assumed that you put all the information in your Kudoz answer. This makes your answer a more useful resource, and ensures all the information is kept in one place.

    It is possible to post a reference and then an answer, but not possible to post an answer first and then a reference.


  • 3.16 - Under what conditions can an answerer use the discussion entries feature?

    Answerers can use the discussion entry to ask the asker for context information or to engage in linguistic discussions of some points of the question asked. In general, opinions on other answers should be provided in the peer grading interface while additional comments supporting their answers should be presented as comments in the answers themselves. Systematic use of the discussion entry to promote an answer provided will not be allowed.


  • 3.17 - How can I avoid answering questions from askers who tend to close their questions without grading them?

    You can see how many questions an asker has closed without grading by mousing over their name in a KudoZ question they have asked. (There is also an option to filter out questions from certain askers in the lists of questions.)


  • 3.18 -



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  • 2.4 - Peer commenting

  • 4.1 - 하나의 질문에 게시된 두 개 이상의 답변에 동의할 수 있나요?

    예. 올바르다고 생각하는 답변에 최대한 많이 동의하고, 올바르지 않다고 생각하는 답변에 최대한 많이 반대를 표명하는 것이 좋습니다.


  • 4.2 - 누군가가 답변에 반대를 표명하면 어떻게 되나요?

    반대는 "도움 요청" KudoZ 질문을 게시한 사람에게 여러분(또는 다른 사람)이 답변이 올바르지 않다고 생각한다는 사실을 표시하는 단순한 신호입니다. 해당 제안의 수락 여부는 질문자의 자유입니다.

    반대의 유일한 "기계적인" 효과는 질문에 자동으로 등급이 매겨질 때 발생합니다. 이 경우 답변 선택에 있어 반대는 감점으로 작용합니다.

    "용어집-구축" KudoZ 질문에 등급을 매기고 마감하는 일반적인 방식은 적격한 동료들이 등급을 매기는 것입니다.


  • 4.3 - 질문: 동료 코멘트를 올렸는데, 거기에 대해 받은 회답에 응답을 하고 싶습니다. 그렇게 할 수 있는지요?

    아니오. KudoZ가 본래의 목적에서 벗어나는 것을 방지하기 위하여, 각 질문에 대해 여러 차례의 교신은 허용되지 않습니다. 동료가 코멘트를 하면 질문자는 그에 대한 회답을 할 수 있습니다. 그러나 교신은 거기에서 끝납니다.
    (동료 코멘트의 수정, 그리고 코멘트에 대한 답변 기능은 틀린 철자법을 고치거나 잘못된 링크를 바로잡거나, 또는 그 비슷한 교정을 위해 제공되는 것입니다.)
    당신의 관점을 분명하게 그리고 간결하게 하도록 하십시오, 기회는 한 번 뿐입니다.


  • 4.4 - 내 동료 코멘트에 "수정/삭제" 링크가 보입니다. 용도가 무엇인가요?

    "수정/삭제" 링크는 동료 코멘트를 수정할 수 있는 기능을 부여합니다. 이 기능은 틀린 철자법을 고치거나 잘못된 링크를 바로잡거나, 또는 그 비슷한 종류의 교정을 위해서만 제공됩니다.


  • 4.5 - Can I comment on an answerer's confidence level in my peer comment?

    No. Peer comments should be purely linguistic in nature (see KudoZ rule 3.5). Making comments or insinuations regarding an answerer's confidence level would not be in line with KudoZ rule 3.7.





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  • 2.5 - KudoZ editors

  • 5.1 - 중재자가 아닌 사용자가 다른 사람의 질문을 재분류하거나 삭제하는 것을 보았습니다. 이러한 회원은 어떻게 선정되나요?

    중재자는 최소 300점의 KudoZ 프로 점수를 소유한 회원/등록 사용자가 재분류 및 삭제에 관한 가이드라인을 읽고 짧은 테스트를 치르도록 안내할 수 있습니다. 시험에 통과할 경우 해당 방식으로 수정할 권리를 얻게 됩니다.

    참조: KudoZ와 관련된 관리자 조치를 받은 회원은 KudoZ 에디터로 선정할 수 없습니다. 마찬가지로, KudoZ 에디터가 KudoZ와 관련된 관리자 조치를 받을 경우 수정할 권리가 취소될 수 있습니다.


  • 5.2 - Is site moderation one of the responsibilities of KudoZ editors?

    No. KudoZ editors are site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions, namely the change or reversion of KudoZ question language pairs, the removal of questions if these are not in line with site rules or if they are duplicated, and the change of KudoZ question fields.

    Moderators are site members who have volunteered to foster and protect the positive, results-oriented atmosphere that makes ProZ.com possible by greeting and guiding new participants in KudoZ and enforcing site rules in a consistent and structured manner.

    In no way are KudoZ editors entitled or expected to act as site moderators. KudoZ editors, just as site members, are required to contact staff or moderators to report any form of abuse.


  • 5.3 - 질문: 다른 사람들의 질문을 수정할 수 있도록 하는 옵션이 있던데, 왜 그렇습니까?

    KudoZ 포인트가 일정한 수치에 이르면 (500), 다른 사람이 올린 질문을 정정할 수 있도록 이러한 옵션이 나타납니다. 만일 질문이 스페인어를 영어로 번역하는 것이어야 하는데 영어를 스페인어로 번역하도록 게재되어 있다면, 정정을 추진하십시오.


  • 5.4 - I would like to apply to become a KudoZ editor. Can I?

    No, it is not possible to submit an application to become a KudoZ editor, an invitation has to be issued by a moderator or site staff.


  • 5.5 - Can KudoZ editors reclassify a question form PRO into non-PRO and vice versa?

    No, KudoZ editors and moderators will have to vote like any other member for the change of status of questions (instead of forcing this change of status.)


  • 5.6 - Does membership determine someone's eligibility to become a KudoZ editor?

    No, eligibility is not determined by membership status.



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  • 2.6 - KudoZ notifications

  • 6.1 - 질문: 저는 KudoZ 이메일 통지를 전혀 받지 못하고 있는데요?

    만일 당신이 KudoZ 이메일 통지를 전혀 받지 못하고 있고, 한 번도 받은 적이 없다면 프로필 페이지의 설정을 체크해 보십시오. 만일 당신의 프로필 설정에 다음과 같은 점이 있다면 당신은 통지를 받지 못할 것입니다.
    -언어 쌍을 기입하지 않았다
    -전문 분야를 기입하지 않았다
    -'이메일 선호' 에서 'KudoZ 이메일 통지'를 선택하지 않았다.

    전에는 이메일 통지를 받았었고, 바뀐 것이 아무것도 없는데 통지가 오는 것이 멈췄다면, 거기에는 여러가지 원인이 있을 수 있습니다:
    -


  • 6.2 - 질문: 저는 받아야 할 KudoZ 통지를 다 받지 못하고 있습니다.

    KudoZ 질문에 대한 이메일 통보가 보내질 때는 다음의 기준이 고려됩니다: 언어 쌍, 주제 분야, 그리고 난이도. 만일 질문에 대한 이메일 통지를 받지 못했다면, 프로필에 그러한 조건들이 제대로 설정되어 있는지 확인하십시오. 설정이 제대로 되어 있음이 확실하다면 당신이 마땅히 통지를 받아야 함에도 데 받지 못한 한 개 또는 그 이상의 KudoZ 질문 URL을 포함, 지원 요청을 제출하십시오. ProZ.com 의 담당자가 통보 이메일이 ProZ.com 서버를 떠났는지 아닌지 체크할 것입니다. (이메일이 ProZ.com 서버를 떠났다면 당신의 ISP 나 당신의 컴퓨터에 문제가 있을 지도 모릅니다)


  • 6.3 - KudoZ 이메일 알림을 너무 많이 받고 있습니다

    수신하는 KudoZ 이메일 알림의 양을 줄이려면 KudoZ 알림 설정에서 주제 영역을 더 적게 선택해 보십시오. KudoZ 이메일 알림을 아예 받지 않으려면 KudoZ 대시보드의 첫 번째 질문에서 '아니요' 옵션을 선택하면 됩니다.


  • 6.4 - 어떤 때는 사이트에서 볼 수 없는 질문을 이메일로 받고, 또 어떤 때는 질문이 보이지만 해당 질문 이메일을 받지 못합니다.

    이메일과 보는 방식은 별도로 설정됩니다. 이메일 설정은 대시보드(http://www.proz.com/dashboard)에서 설정하며, 보는 방식은 KudoZ 목록 페이지(http://www.proz.com/kudoz)에서 설정합니다.


  • 6.5 - 일일 요약이 무엇인가요?

    하루 중 게시된 질문의 간단한 요약 및 해당 질문에 지금까지 게시된 답변의 짧은 목록을 포함한 메시지입니다.


  • 6.6 - 질문: 저의 팀으로부터 KudoZ에 관한 통지를 받으려면?

    당신의 팀의 회원은 누구나 KudoZ 질문을 당신의 팀 전용으로 게재할 수 있습니다. 이러한 종류의 질문에 대한 통지를 받으려면 '통지'를 켜두시기만 하면 됩니다.


  • 6.7 - Can I track a particular KudoZ question?

    Yes. If you are a paying member you can track any KudoZ question. For each question you will see a track setting box in the left navigation column of the page which looks like this:

    When you check this box and click on save, you will receive a notification each time a reference post or an answer is posted.

    Also, there is a selection box in the discussion area that allows the tracking of the discussion entries of a particular question:



    When you select the "track question" box, the "track discussion" will also be selected. You can then de-select any of them independently.

    When you post a reference comment, an answer or a discussion entry, the "track discussion" box is selected. If you de-select it once it will no longer be automatically selected again in this question.


  • 6.8 - How can I get notifications when a certain person asks a KudoZ question?

    In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user asks a KudoZ question you have to "flag" this asker as follows:

    In your top drop-down menu select KudoZ -> Dashboard



    On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"



    This is the box used for flagging askers. In this case no asker has been flagged yet:



    To flag an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Flag asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search" to open a search tool:



    In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:



    Once the asker was flagged, it will look like this in your dashboard page:



    And it will look like this when the flagged asker posts a question:



    Notification will be sent to you of flagged askers' questions, even when they do not match your notification settings.


  • 6.9 - I don't want notifications of a particular person's questions-- what can I do?

    If you become convinced that a certain member is not likely to ask questions that are of interest to you, you may opt to "filter" that member's questions (regardless of your notification settings.)

    To do so you should select KudoZ -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu:



    On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"



    This is the box used for filtering askers. In this case no asker has been filtered yet:



    To filter an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Filter asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search answerers" to open a search tool:



    In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:



    Once the asker was filtered, it will look like this in your dashboard page:



    And it will look like this when the filtered asker posts a question:



    Notification will NOT be sent to you of filtered askers' questions, even when they do match your notification settings. Also, these questions will not be shown to you when you select KudoZ - Answer questions, even when they match your selection criteria.


  • 6.10 - How can I get notifications when a certain user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment?

    In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment you have get this user's authorization to track his/her answers. To do so:

    In your top drop-down menu select My ProZ.com -> Dashboard



    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"



    In the answerer tracking page you can click on "Search for answerer" and enter the corresponding information on name, username of profile number and then click on "Search" and on the found profile name.



    At this point the dashboard will show the corresponding profile number and username. You may send a personalized message before sending the request by means of the "track answerer" button.




    You can also start this procedure by clicking on the "track this answerer" in an answer or reference comment posted by this user:




    After submitting the request, the dashboard will record it as pending:



    While the request is pending, you will see a special message in each answer or reference comment posted by this user:



    Once your request was accepted, the dashboard will show the following indication:



    If you want to stop tracking this user, click on "remove".

    You will also see the following in each answer or reference comment posted by the user you are tracking:




    You will receive a notification each time this user posts an answer or a reference comment.


  • 6.11 - What are my options for the KudoZ tracking feature?

    There are three basic conditions that you can configure selecting My ProZ.com -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :



    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"



    In the box "Who can track you" on the right side of the dashboard you can select the following options:

    * Allow anyone to track my answers: requests will be automatically approved.
    * Ask me for permission on a case-by-case basis: you will be asked each time a request is received.
    * Do not allow anyone to track my answers: all requests will be automatically rejected




  • 6.12 - A user asked for authorization to track my KudoZ answers. Why would someone want to do this?

    While the motives could be different for each user, two likely reasons to do so would be (a) to learn from someone who is good in a certain field of expertise or (b) to evaluate a translator for possible future collaborations. Remember that you can revoke the right to track your answers at any time.


  • 6.13 - A site user would like to track my answers, what should I do?

    To work on your answer tracking options, select My ProZ.com -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :



    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"



    On this page you will see the notification that you have a pending request to be tracked by a colleague and, on the right side, the identity and message from the colleague willing who sent the request:



    This right side panel allows you to approve or decline the request. If you chose to approve it you will be asked for a confirmation:



    Note that you can at this point select the option "Allow anyone else who wants to track my answers to do so as well", so that further requests will be automatically approved.

    Once you approved one or more users for tracking your answers, you will find them at the table of colleagues tracking you:



    This panel allows you to revoke individually the permission to track your answers granted to any of those colleagues.


  • 6.14 - How can I be notified of KudoZ questions in other language pairs?

    To be notified of questions asked in language pairs you do not want to list as working language pairs in your profile, just report the language pairs in question as interest language pairs.

    To do so, go to your Profile Updater and report your 'non-working' language pairs in the Languages section.

    Once reported, click on Edit next to each language pair just added and select I only have an interest in this pair, do not show it in my profile. Remember to save all the changes you apply.

    Finally, go to your KudoZ dashboard and set your KudoZ notifications preferences for these language pairs as you have done for your working language pairs.


  • 6.15 - I want to get Kudoz notifications for opposite language pairs to my working languages.

    First, indicate direct pairs as "working" and reverse pairs as "interest" in your Profile Updater . Then, use these parameters to set up notifications settings.



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  • 3 - Glossary-building KudoZ

  • 3.1 - What is the purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?

    The primary purpose of this new question type is to enable the ProZ.com community to together find the best translation of a given term into a given language, and to incorporate the term and its translation into an authoritative glossary which will be made available openly under the Creative Commons "by" license ("CC-by").

    A secondary purpose of the new format is to provide opportunities for KudoZ participation (along with the associated benefits of networking, learning and professional differentiation), in pairs and fields in which few questions are currently asked.


  • 3.2 - How do glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) work?

    A glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) 'transaction' involves three steps:

    (1) Posting: A term is posted by an authorized person for translation into one or more pairs. A definition and one or more example sentences are included with the question. Notification of the GBK-type question is sent to interested and qualified site users.

    (2) "Speciality" stage: During the 72 hours following the posting, qualified parties are able to suggest translations including terms, definitions, example sentences and optionally references. These parties will also be able to post peer comments and grading on the answers provided.

    (3) At the end of the submission period the system will attempt to close the question. If successful, a notification will be sent to the person who posted the selected answer, 4 points will be assigned to that answer (unless the question was posted as not-for-points) and a glossary entry will be created and stored. If closing proves impossible, notifications will be sent to all interested and qualified parties and a "working" phase will last until the peer-grading received allows for the closure of the question.


  • 3.3 - Who can participate in the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?

    Participation in a GBK question, including answering, posting references and grading, is limited during the first 72 hours to site users who (1) Have the corresponding field(s) of expertise among their "speciality" fields. (2) Have the corresponding language pair or the reverse pair among their working ones. (3) Are native in either source or target languages.

    During the "working" phase (questions still open after the first 72-hours period) participation is extended to site users who satisfy the language pair and native language criteria and have the field of expertise among their working ones.

    All users can post discussion entries.


  • 3.4 - Why is the participation limited in glossary-building KudoZ?

    The purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ is to coordinate the efforts of willing members of the ProZ.com community in building up an authoritative glossary of terms and their translations in many languages and fields. With a focus on the quality of the resulting glossary entries and ample time for submission and selection of answers, it was decided to limit participation to specialists in the field and language pair.


  • 3.5 - Why are these limitations not applied to "help term" KudoZ as well?

    The main goal of "term help" KudoZ is to provide those in need of translation assistance with access to timely help. Therefore the access is open to allow the participation of anybody willing and able to help. The asker selects the most helpful among the responses received (and awards points for it).


  • 3.6 - What are the additional fields of expertise?

    A GBK has a main field of expertise and may have one or more additional fields of expertise. These additional field are also included in the filter (notifications and access to the question).

    For instance a question with primary field "telecommunications" may also be related to "computers: software" and to "Computers: systems, networks"

    This will be only related to notifications and access (and in the future to searches in the glossary). The corresponding KudoZ points will be assigned to the primary field.

    The additional fields are included in the GBK term searches.


  • 3.7 - I added in my profile the specialty field needed to answer a GBK question but I still can't answer it.

    Users who adds a new "specialty" field of expertise to their profiles will not be provided access to GBK filtered by this particular field for 72 hours after implementing this change. This aims to preventing users from modifying their profiles in order to "follow" the specialties requested in the questions.

    This restriction will not apply to profiles created less than a month ago.


  • 3.8 - How are GBK questions graded?

    At the end of the 72-hours submission phase (and periodically if the question entered in a selection phase) an 'auto-grading robot' makes its selection based on the net number of peer 'agrees' received by each answer, according to the following rules:
    * To be considered, an answer must have at least two "net agrees" (agrees minus disagrees).
    * The answer with the highest number of net agrees is selected.
    * If two answers have the same number of net agrees, the one posted by the answerer with the corresponding language pair ranked higher is selected.
    * If still undecided, the alternative entered latest is selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.


  • 3.9 - The submission period for a GBK question has ended and the question is still open. Can I still submit a translation?

    Yes. Answers can be posted during the "working" period, or even after the question has been closed.


  • 3.10 - Can I provide more than one answer as different options when answering a GBK question?

    Answerers in GBK can provide more than one answer to the same term, as this is the proper way to offer synonyms. In this case the example sentence(s) should include the term offered in each answer.


  • 3.11 - Can I post more than one term in my answer to a GBK question?

    No. Even if you know two or more different terms to answer a GBK question you should provide only one of them in your answer, the one used in the example sentence(s).

    If you know synonyms or other possible interpretations of the term asked besides the one you already offered in your answer, you can provide additional answer(s), each containing just a term, and with definition and example sentences related to that term.


  • 3.12 - Is it OK to to answer a GBK question suggesting the same term already offered in another answer?

    Yes. A GBK answer includes a term, a definition and at least one example sentence. The term is only a part of the answer, and it could happen that the second answer offering the same term includes, for instance, a better definition.

    Time should not play such a central role in GBK, where a better answer should be more relevant than a faster one.


  • 3.13 - I want (or do not want) to receive notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?

    You should un-check (check) the option "Ignore glossary-building questions " and click on "Save settings" in the KudoZ dashboard.


  • 3.14 - I want to receive only notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?

    You should select the option Asker type = "Glossary-building questions " in the KudoZ dashboard.


  • 3.15 - How are the GBK questions created?

    "Glossary-building KudoZ concepts" are selected from current KudoZ entries or from other sources, and are edited to make sure they have the proper terms, definitions and examples of use. This is currently being done in English, but other languages could be added later.

    This is being currently done by site staff, but in the future this task will be performed by site members who will be part of a "GBK (Glossary-building KudoZ) team".


  • 3.16 - There is no "neutral" option in the peer comments. How can I leave a comment to the answerer?

    If you are allowed to provide a peer-comment, then you should be able to post a note to the answerer by using the link provided at the bottom of the answer.



    The messages posted will be visible above the voting area of the question:


  • 3.17 - What is the "Glossary-building KudoZ questions" box displayed in the home page? Can I customize what I see there?

    Users who meet the criteria to answer GBK questions and have a minimum of 5 or 10 open questions available to answer (selectable) will be presented with a box displaying a randomly selected open question.

    Like many other home page features, users can select not to see this box, or customize its position by clicking the "customize" link on the feature or selecting
    "My ProZ.com" -> "My settings" -> "Site settings"



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  • 4 - Glossaries

  • 4.1 - How do I create a glossary?

    To add a new glossary to the My glossary section, just click on 'Enter terms' and complete the entry addition form. Note that in order to create a new glossary at least one term must be entered (and from this term the glossary will be created). If no glossary name is specified in the entry addition form, then the term will be added to your glossary but not to a specific one (i.e. no new glossary will be generated).


  • 4.2 - How do I add a term to a glossary?

    1. Go to your Profile
    2. Select "Enter Terms" under the Glossary heading (left column of Profile)


  • 4.3 - How do I upload an existing glossary?

    Only plain text, standard format glossary can be uploaded. Word documents, RTF files, or any format other than plain text will not work. The maximum allowed file size is 2MB. If you have a glossary file larger than 2MB, please break it up into smaller pieces.
    Note: Glossaries should be in the form:
    source termtarget termNotesURL

    (Notes and URL are optional.)

    1. Go to your profile
    2. Click on your name
    3. Select "Enter Terms" under Glossary
    4. Select "Upload your glossaries!" located at the bottom of the page.


  • 4.4 - How do I edit a glossary or an existing term?

    Note that these instructions apply only to terms in your personal glossaries. Terms in the site-wide KudoZ glossary can only be edited by a moderator. If you want to suggest a change to a term in the site-wide glossary, you can contact the appropriate moderator using the moderator list.

    To edit an existing term:

    1. Go to My Proz.com
    2. Click on My Glossary
    3. Click on the name of the glossary where the term is
    4. Click the term in question
    5. Click the 'Edit or add info to this term' at the bottom of the page
    6. Edit the existing information or add new information, and click the "Enter" button to save your changes

    To edit the name of a glossary:

    1. Go to My Proz.com
    2. Click on My Glossary
    3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit


  • 4.5 - How can I rename a ProZ.com personal glossary?

    In the new site menu the "My glossary" section can be found if you mouseover your site name at the top of the screen and selecting the "My glossary" section under the "More" section of the drop down menu being displayed.

    If you are using the old site menu to rename a glossary you should:

    1. Go to My Proz.com

    2. Click on My Glossary

    3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit.


  • 4.6 - Can I transfer my ProZ.com glossaries to my computer and/or print them?

    No, for the time being it is not possible to download or print your ProZ.com glossaries.


  • 4.7 - How do I move a term from one glossary to another?

    1. Go to your Profile page
    2. Click the name of the glossary where the term is
    3. Click the term in question
    4. Click the 'Edit or add info to this term' at the bottom of the page.
    5. There will now be a drop down list 'Your Glossary' that will allow you to change which glossary the term belongs to. You may move it to another glossary, or create a new glossary that the term will be added to.


  • 4.8 - How can I merge my glossaries?

    Please submit a support request informing which glossaries should be merged.


  • 4.9 - How can I send/receive glossaries through my profile?

    You can send and/or receive glossary files using the Send file (beta)... tool in profiles.

    You will find more information about the Send file (beta)... option here.


  • 4.10 - How can I remove an existing glossary?

    To remove a glossary you have created from the My glossary section, just click on "[Delete]" next to the glossary name in the "Glossaries" box at the top of the glossaries page. A message will show asking you to confirm the removal. Just click on 'Yes' so that your glossary is removed.


  • 4.11 - I cannot find my ProZ.com glossary at ProZ.com user glossaries page. What should I do?

    Please submit a support request, reporting the name of your glossary and the field you had selected for it. You may also specify the page used to add terms to your glossary in the support request.


  • 4.12 - Can I create a trilingual glossary?

    There is no such possibility. Only bilingual glossaries are possible.



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  • 5 - GlossPost

  • 5.1 - What is GlossPost?

    GlossPost is a searchable database of links to glossaries on the Internet. It has been compiled by members of ProZ.com and the YahooGroup of the same name created in February 2000 by Brazilian translator and conference interpreter Maria Eugenia Farre. The database is maintained by a group of volunteer moderators, however any ProZ.com member can search the database or submit new glossary URLs.


  • 5.2 - What are the goals driving GlossPost at ProZ.com?

    We have three main goals:

    - To create an online terminology resource with searching capabilities specifically designed for the needs of translators.
    - To enlarge the database by benefiting from the collaborative spirit of ProZ.com users.
    - To ensure the accessibility of GlossPost and honor the commitment of providing a free and useful resource for translators across the globe.


  • 5.3 - What are the possibilities created by the collaboration between GlossPost and ProZ.com?

    In brief: creating a larger database of glossary URLs, with addresses in more language combinations, annotated by translators. Since its inception, GlossPost has attracted mostly translators specializing in Western languages. Since ProZ.com is a huge multilingual community with active participants across the whole linguistic spectrum, we hope that translators of other languages will also feel compelled to add links to the glossaries they use in their daily work to the benefit of all.

    We also hope to contribute with the expertise acquired in moderating GlossPost to make the new site a useful and efficient online terminology resource.


  • 5.4 - How many links from the original GlossPost archives have been included?

    At launch, approximately 1,600 links from the archives have been included automatically. This doesn't cover the entire GlossPost original database, but there are plans to import more links in the future, as time permits.


  • 5.5 - Will the links in the GlossPost database at ProZ.com be checked to prevent dead pages and repeat URLs?

    In our new home at ProZ.com, we want to address all the concerns and issues that affected GlossPost subscribers in the past. Link rot is one of them, and we are not the only sufferers. The GlossPost URLs at ProZ.com will be checked periodically using an automated function to make sure that the database remains as current as possible. Also, manual editing of the URLs has been made possible. Links can be checked and marked good or bad, made invisible or visible to other users by the users themselves and also by the moderators. Incomplete entries can be supplemented by addition information from other users.


  • 5.6 - What are the searching capabilities included in the GlossPost database at ProZ.com?

    The searching capabilities have been greatly improved. At the new database, users will be able to browse the glossary URLs, search by keyword, language combination, discipline or BSO category. For obvious reasons, the ability to search by language combination was one of the most common requests received from GlossPost subscribers. A feature enabling automated announcements of glossary URLs in the language combinations specified by ProZ.com users is also being studied.


  • 5.7 - How can I contribute to the expansion of this glossary database?

    By posting the URLs of glossaries, dictionaries and other terminology resources you find on the web.

    You can also contribute to this initiative by editing and verifying the links included in the database (this option may or may not be available, depending on your site activity level). Also, since the project has just been kicked off, it will be extremely valuable to get as much feedback as possible about the design and results the searchers are getting. Please send your feedback to support.


  • 5.8 - What is the posting procedure?

    The posting form can be found here.

    The fields are:

    URL: enter the URL for the resource (glossary, terminology database or dictionary)
    Title: enter a title for the resource, e.g. Hydrology Glossary or Dog Breeds or Turkish Language Dictionary
    Source: enter the source for the resource, e.g. Unicode.org or Association of Dog Breeders of America or Academie Francaise
    Comment: enter useful comments pertaining to the URL, e.g. "reliable translations", "single-page glossary", "downloadable as .pdf", "watch your step, contains typos".
    Source Language: select the source language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button.
    Target Language: select the target language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button.
    Disciplines: select one or more disciplines, as you would when submitting a KudoZ question.
    BSO Category: select one or more BSO categories

    When you have completed the fields you want to add, press the Submit button. It's not necessary to fill in all the fields, but if possible, try to fill in as many as you can. This will help us build a better database and enable you to get more precise results in the future. Note, however, that some fields are mandatory and marked with a * for your convenience. Your entry will not be vetted before you have completed the mandatory fields.


  • 5.9 - In what language should I post?

    The GlossPost moderator suggests and encourages users to post in English. However, we realize that this may not always be possible, due to multiculturalism considerations. Comments in other languages are considered OK, but for the benefit of all and better search results, try to include at least a few words in English in the keyword field and/or give a title to the glossary in English.


  • 5.10 - As a ProZ.com user, will I get any benefits from posting glossaries?

    Yes! Members will be awarded 10 browniz points for each URL submitted, and 5 browniz points for each edited entry. The name of the poster and editor will be acknowledged when URLs are displayed.


  • 5.11 - How can I report bugs or send suggestions?

    Feedback is always welcome. Please send an e-mail to support.


  • 5.12 - What will happen to the GlossPost list at Yahoogroups?

    The GlossPost list at Yahoogroups will be eventually phased out and replaced by the new resource at ProZ.com. For the time being, however, it will continue to run under the moderatorship of Maria Eugenia Farre. There will also be some forwarding of links from GlossPost at Yps and the Translator Resources Forum to GlossPost at ProZ.com. However, GlossPost subscribers and Translator Resources Forum users are encouraged to post their new finds to GlossPost at ProZ.com.


  • 5.13 - Where can I learn more about the history of GlossPost?

    This interview with GlossPost creator Maria Eugenia Farre contains more information on the list's history.



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  • 6 - Wikiwords

  • 6.1 - What is Wikiwords?

    Wikiwords is a collaborative project to create a dictionary of all terms in all languages with definitions and example sentences. More information about this initiative can be found here: http://www.proz.com/wikiwords?pg=about


  • 6.2 - How is Wikiwords affiliated with ProZ.com?

    Wikiwords was created and maintained by ProZ.com. However, active support for this service is no longer offered by ProZ.com staff.


  • 6.3 - What should I do if I can't find a term in Wikiwords?

    If you can't find a term in Wikiwords, try using the ProZ.com term search or ask a KudoZ question.



  • Main - Top


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