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English to Korean: Universities must prepare for a technology-enabled future General field: Social Sciences Detailed field: 교육/ 교육학
원어 - English The evolution of the university.
Medieval European universities trained would-be clergy members in canonical law, theological discussion and religious administration. These institutions amassed huge repositories of knowledge, storing and indexing them in libraries, which became the focal point of the campus.
As European countries explored the world and established overseas colonies starting in the 15th and 16th centuries, universities evolved to train officers to manage those territories, study navigation across the oceans and look after colonists’ health. After the Industrial Revolution, colleges changed again, teaching workers how to use new scientific and technological methods and tools.
In the 21st century, the workplace is transforming once more; what businesses, governments and society need from education is shifting, and technology has made the brick-and-mortar library obsolete. It used to be that users of a technology needed to know how it works. In the early days of driving, for instance, it was important for a driver to be able to fix a car that broke down on the side of the road, perhaps far from any expert mechanic.
But in the current post-industrial economy, that has changed: Even a car mechanic uses a computer to connect to car systems to identify what is not working properly. Very few people need to know how these internal computer systems work; they just need to be able to interpret sensor readings and error messages.
A changing job market.
Now, the number of jobs mostly involving routine skills – both physical and cognitive – is shrinking over time. Increasing automation at factories is rapidly replacing workers at factories, even in low-wage countries like China. Artificial intelligence technologies like machine learning and computer vision are permanently eliminating high-skill jobs in offices, too. Many world economies – including in the U.S. – are turning from manufacturing to service, in which most new jobs do not require advanced education.
The remaining jobs will involve fewer routine tasks. The people doing that work will still need some education beyond high school. But they may not have as much need to attend classes at, or even live on, a physical university campus. Colleges that are outside the very top tier of quality and name recognition – and those that have taken on large amounts of debt to build physical facilities – will suffer as demand for their services lessens.
번역어 - Korean 진화하는 대학.
유럽 중세의 대학들은 성직자가 되려고 하는 사람들에게 교회법, 신학적 토론, 종교 행정 분야의 지식을 훈련하는 역할을 했습니다. 또한, 대학은 지식의 거대한 저장소로서 여러 지식을 축적하고 색인을 만들어 분류했습니다.
15세기부터 16세기 동안 유럽 국가들은 해외에 식민지를 만들었고, 이에 맞춰 대학 역시 진화했습니다. 대학은 해당 지역의 공직자를 훈련하고, 항해술을 연구하고, 식민지 주민의 건강을 돌보는 역할을 했죠. 산업 혁명 이후, 대학은 새로운 과학기술의 도구를 노동자에게 교육했습니다.
21세기, 작업장은 한 번 더 변화했습니다. 사업, 정부, 사회가 교육에서 필요로 하는 기술 역시 변했죠. 기술은 오프라인의 도서관을 구식으로 만들었습니다. 과거에 기술을 사용하는 사람들은 어떻게 기술이 작동하는지를 알아야 했습니다. 예를 들면 자동차 운전의 초창기에, 정비소와 멀리 떨어진 길가에서 차가 고장 날 경우, 운전자가 차를 고치는 방법을 아는 것은 매우 중요했죠.
하지만 현재와 같은 산업화 후기 경제에서 차 정비공은 무엇이 제대로 작동하지 않았는지를 찾아내기 위해 컴퓨터를 사용합니다. 매우 적은 수의 사람만이 컴퓨터 내부 시스템이 어떻게 작동하는지를 알고 있죠. 사람들은 단지 센서를 감지하고, 에러 메시지를 읽을 수 있는 것만을 필요로 합니다.
변화하는 취업 시장.
물리적, 인지적으로 일상적인 기술을 필요로 하는 직업의 수는 시간이 지날수록 줄어들고 있습니다. 자동화는 공장의 노동자들을 빠르게 대체하고 있습니다. 중국과 같은 저임금국가에서도 말이죠. 머신러닝이나 컴퓨터 비전 같은 인공지능 기술은 사무실에서 고도기술의 직업들을 제거하고 있습니다. 많은 세계의 경제들 – 미국을 포함해서 – 제조업에서 서비스업으로 전환했습니다. 서비스업 분야의 새로운 직업 대부분을 위해서는 대학 교육이 필요하지 않습니다.
남아 있는 직업들은 점점 더 적은 수의 일상적인 기술을 포함하고 있습니다. 여전히 고등학교 이상의 교육을 해야 하는 직업들이 있지만, 사람들은 이제 반드시 물리적으로 대학 캠퍼스에 거주하거나 수업을 참석할 필요가 없을지 모릅니다. 높은 수준의 교육을 제공하거나, 명성이 있지 않고, 대학 시설을 만들기 위해 많은 빚을 짊어진 대학들은 사람들의 수요가 적어짐에 따라 어려움을 겪고 있습니다.
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AT&T – DirecTV International – Website Localization
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주요 단어 Korean, Medical, Marketing, Fashion, Tourism, Cosmetics, Beauty, Software, Localization, Proofreading, Subtitling, Bilingual, Household Appliances, Multimedia Players, Portable Electronics, Surveillance Cameras & Systems, Telephones, TV & Video, Cable & Satellite Services, Data Services, Internet & Online Services, Message Services, Development of Telecommunications Infrastructure, Multipoint Communication Technology, Powerline Communication ( PLC ) System, CAI & Distant Education, GIS and Digital Earth, Multimedia Remote Monitoring, Multimedia Publishing, Multimedia Office Automation System, Computer Conference, Multi-Media Service Inquiry, Interactive TV and Video on demand, Interactive Cinema and Digital Movies, Digital Library, Home Information Centre, Work at Home, Distance Education, Tele-medicine, Computer Supported Cooperative Work, (MediaSpace, CyberSpace), Application of data and information. including: data and information collection, expression, processing, security, transmission, exchange, visualization, management, organization, storage, searching, Software User Manual, Software Instruction, Software Quick Guide Accessories, Communications Equipment, Components, Hardware related to computer services, Computers (PDA & Handheld Computers & Smartphones, Servers, Desktops, Laptops and Tablets, Supercomputers & Enterprise Systems), Input Devices, Microprocessors, Monitors & Projectors, Networking, Printers & Scanners, Specialized Computer Systems (Storage Devices & Media, Video Game Consoles) and others, Antivirus & Security, Communications, Collaborative, Networking & Connectivity Software (Audio & Video, Collaborative Software, Communications, Internet & Network Software, Internet Telephony, Wireless Software), Computer Services software related (Databases, Developer Tools, Encryption), Enterprise Management, Relationship & Finance(Asset management software, Banking, Billing & Service Provisioning Software, Business Intelligence, Data Warehousing and Decision Support Software, CMS, Content & Document Management, Marketing & Sales Software, E-commerce Software, E-Procurement, Enterprise Application Integration Software, Human Resources & Workforce Management Software, Knowledge Management Tools, Manufacturing, Warehousing & Industrial Software, Retail, Point-Of-Sale & Inventory Management Software, Supply Chain Management & Logistics Software, Tax, accounting and financial software), GIS, Hobbies & Special Interest, Education & Training, Reference & Language, Identification Software, Office Suite & Productivity, Operating Systems, Specific business software, Storage & Systems Management Software, Utilities, Virtualization, Workflow, Press Release, Product Catalogue, Brochures, Poker game software
Gambling software, Action, Adventure, Puzzle Game, Grapple, Home, Racing, Role-Playing (RPG), Shooting, Simulation, Sports, Strategy, Traditional game software, Textile, Clothing & Fashion, Furniture, Cars, Travel, Tourism, Recreation, Leisure, Menus, Publishing, E-Learning, Digital Learning and Online Learning, Financial Services Regulatory Agencies, Insurance, Investment, Money & Currency, Stock Exchanges, Tariffs, Taxation & Customs, Transaction and Credit, Auditing Report, Annual Report, Banking and Loan, Securities, bonds, loans, bonds futures, option on bonds futures, interest rate swap, interest rate caps and collars, interest rate option, exotic option, cash deposit, short term interest rate futures, forward rate agreement, equity(securities, stock), stock option, equity futures, spot foreign exchange, currency futures, foreign exchange, Arts, History and Biography, Human Resources Manuals, Pharmaceuticals, Biochemistry, Clinical Research Protocol Test, Drug Label, Health Insurance Form, Health Questionnaire, IVR Scripts, Healthcare
Healthcare Propaganda, Informed Consent Forms, Patient Brochure
Patient Notes (Handwritten), Public Health Information, Serious Adverse Event, General Medical Device, General Medical Treatment, Heart Disease, Dental
Instructions on Drug Labels, IVD (In Vitro Diagnosis), MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), Orthopedic